To the World from Jordan

Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is a country in the Arab World in western Asia, bordered by Syria to the north, Iraq to the north-east, Israel to the west, and Saudi Arabia to the east and south. It shares with Israel the coastlines of the Dead Sea, and the Gulf of Aqaba with Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt.

89,342 sq km (34,495 sq miles; not including West Bank).

5,329,000 (2002). The West Bank is now administered by the Palestinian National Authority; see Israel section for details of area and population.

Population Density
59.6 per sq km.

Amman. Population: 2,027,685 (2002).

Jordan shares borders with Israel, the Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The Dead Sea is to the northwest and the Red Sea to the southwest. A high plateau extends 324km (201 miles) from the Syrian Arab Republic to Ras en Naqab in the south with the capital of Amman at a height of 800m (2625ft). Northwest of the capital are undulating hills, some forested, others cultivated. The Dead Sea depression, 400m (1300ft) below sea level in the west, is the lowest point on earth. The River Jordan connects the Dead Sea with Lake Tiberias (Israel). To the west of Jordan is the Palestinian National Authority Region. The east of the country is mainly desert. Jordan has a tiny stretch of Red Sea coast, centred on Aqaba.

Arabic is the official language. English is widely spoken in the cities. French, German, Italian and Spanish are also spoken.